BIM (Building Information Modeling) is a design technique applicable to new construction or reconstruction. It involves the creation of a three-dimensional parametric model with all networks and equipment, providing comprehensive information about the object under construction — the exact number of materials used, their prices and suppliers, terms of construction by stages etc. Engineering networks and connected equipment are assembled in the integrated model, which allows eliminating conflicts at networks setup and achieving accuracy even at the initial phase of designing.
In the process of architectural and construction designing, a computer model of a new building is created, providing overall information about the future object. BIM technologies allow visualizing the building’s systems, calculating different variants of the layout from the point of view of environmental protection, and bringing them into compliance with norms and standards, as well as modeling and analyzing the operational characteristics of future buildings (heat loading, lighting, heat energy, etc.), and easing the choice of the optimal solutions.
To increase the efficiency of organizational and technological design, it is necessary to create adequate models that allow clearly and repeatedly modeling and testing organizational and technological processes in the course of the project development. BIM increases the efficiency of architects and designers work, shortens the time spending on designing and altering the documentation, and providing projects with additional information.
Since the digital model of the building is created from the first steps of work, it becomes possible to organize the team’s operating processes where all specialists are involved to work together from the earliest stages of the project, when the costs of research and modification are minimal, and the results of such changes are most significant. Joint design becomes possible, which purpose is to achieve high quality and make the project cost-effective.